tensorflow2搭建DeepQNet框架

时间:2020-9-4 作者:admin


tensorflow2搭建DeepQNet框架

关于DQN的工作过程可以参考以下图片:
tensorflow2搭建DeepQNet框架
图片来自链接: https://zhuanlan.zhihu.com/p/70009692.
结合莫烦的机器学习教程,我总结了我搭建的DQN的步骤以及过程。

  1. 参数的初始化。
import tensorflow as tf
from tensorflow.keras import layers
import numpy as np


class DeepQNetwork:
    def __init__(
            self,
            n_actions,
            n_features,
            learning_rate=0.01,
            reward_decay=0.9,
            replace_target_iter=300,
            e_greedy=0.9,
            e_greedy_increment=0.009,
            memory_size=500,
            batch_size=32
    ):
        self.n_actions = n_actions
        self.n_features = n_features
        self.lr = learning_rate
        self.gamma = reward_decay
        self.epsilon_max = e_greedy
        self.replace_target_iter = replace_target_iter
        self.epsilon_increment = e_greedy_increment
        self.memory_size = memory_size
        self.batch_size = batch_size
        self.epsilon = 0.9

        self._built_model()

        self.memory_counter = 0  # 记录学习次数(用于判断是否更换 target_net 参数)
        self.learn_step_counter = 0
        self.cost_his = []  # 记录所有 cost 变化, 用于最后 plot 出来观看
        self.memory = np.zeros((self.memory_size, n_features * 2 + 2))  # 两个state加上reward和action

  1. 网络的创建
 def _built_model(self):
        # 创建当前值网络
        input_shape = np.zeros(4)
        EvalModel = tf.keras.Sequential(
            [
                layers.Dense(self.n_features, activation='relu'),
                layers.Dense(self.n_actions, activation=None)
            ]
        )
        EvalModel.compile(optimizer=tf.keras.optimizers.SGD(lr=0.1),
                          loss=tf.keras.losses.SparseCategoricalCrossentropy(from_logits=False),
                          metrics=['categorical_accuracy'])
        self.EvalModel = EvalModel

        # 创建目标值网络
        TargetModel = tf.keras.Sequential(
            [
                layers.Dense(self.n_features, activation='relu'),
                layers.Dense(self.n_actions, activation=None)
            ]
        )
        TargetModel.compile(optimizer=tf.keras.optimizers.SGD(lr=0.1),
                            loss=tf.keras.losses.SparseCategoricalCrossentropy(from_logits=False),
                            metrics=['categorical_accuracy'])
        self.TargetModel = TargetModel

DQN需要两套网络,这里使用Sequential方式创建的,创建模式比较固定。

  1. 记忆库的更新
    def store_transition(self, s, a, r, s_):
        if not hasattr(self, 'memory_counter'):
            self.memory_counter = 0

        transition = np.hstack((s, [a, r], s_))  # 记录一条记录在水平方向上平埔帮
        index = self.memory_counter % self.memory_size  # 完成更新对于buffer的更新技巧
        self.memory[index, :] = transition
        self.memory_counter += 1  # 完成step更新
  1. 行为选择功能
    def choose_action(self, observation):
        observation = observation[np.newaxis, :]  # 将观测值变成一维喂入预测模型中,进行下一步action选择

        if np.random.uniform() < self.epsilon:
            action_value = self.EvalModel.predict(observation)  # 预测下一个action值进行选择
            action = np.argmax(action_value)  # 选择价值最大的动作

        else:
            action = np.random.randint(0, self.n_actions)  # 随机一个动作
        return action
  1. learn的方式
 def learn(self):
        #  实现target网络参数的更新
        if self.learn_step_counter % self.replace_target_iter == 0:
            self.TargetModel = self.EvalModel
            print('Replace the target\n')

        # 从 memory 中随机抽取 batch_size 这么多记忆
        if self.memory_counter > self.memory_size:
            sample_index = np.random.choice(self.memory_size, self.batch_size)
        else:
            sample_index = np.random.choice(self.memory_counter, self.batch_size)
        batch_memory = self.memory[sample_index, :]

        # 获取 q_next (target_net 产生了 q) 和 q_eval(eval_net 产生的 q)
        q_next = self.TargetModel.predict(batch_memory[:, -self.n_features:])
        q_eval = self.EvalModel.predict(batch_memory[:, :self.n_features])

        q_target = q_eval.copy()

        batch_index = np.arange(self.batch_size, dtype=np.int32)
        eval_act_index = batch_memory[:, self.n_features].astype(int)
        reward = batch_memory[:, self.n_features + 1]
        q_target[batch_index, eval_act_index] = reward + self.gamma * np.max(q_next, axis=1)
        self.cost = self.EvalModel.train_on_batch(batch_memory[:, :self.n_features], q_target[:, 2])
        # self.cost = self.EvalModel.train_on_batch(a, q_target)
        # self.cost = self.EvalModel.train_on_batch([1,2], [3,4])

        self.cost_his.append(self.cost)

        # increasing epsilon
        self.epsilon = self.epsilon + self.epsilon_increment if self.epsilon < self.epsilon_max else self.epsilon_max
        self.learn_step_counter += 1
声明:本文内容由互联网用户自发贡献自行上传,本网站不拥有所有权,未作人工编辑处理,也不承担相关法律责任。如果您发现有涉嫌版权的内容,欢迎进行举报,并提供相关证据,工作人员会在5个工作日内联系你,一经查实,本站将立刻删除涉嫌侵权内容。