JavaScript让Textarea支持tab按键的方法

时间:2021-1-8 作者:admin

本文实例讲述了JavaScript让Textarea支持tab按键的方法。分享给大家供大家参考。具体实现方法如下:

HTMLTextAreaElement.prototype.getCaretPosition = function () {
//return the caret position of the textarea
 return this.selectionStart;
};
HTMLTextAreaElement.prototype.setCaretPosition = function (position) {
//change the caret position of the textarea
 this.selectionStart = position;
 this.selectionEnd = position;
 this.focus();
};
HTMLTextAreaElement.prototype.hasSelection = function () {
//if the textarea has selection then return true
 if (this.selectionStart == this.selectionEnd) {
  return false;
 } else {
  return true;
 }
};
HTMLTextAreaElement.prototype.getSelectedText = function () {
//return the selection text
 return this.value.substring(this.selectionStart, this.selectionEnd);
};
HTMLTextAreaElement.prototype.setSelection = function (start, end) {
//change the selection area of the textarea
 this.selectionStart = start;
 this.selectionEnd = end;
 this.focus();
};
var textarea = document.getElementsByTagName('textarea')[0]; 
textarea.onkeydown = function(event) {
 //support tab on textarea
 if (event.keyCode == 9) { //tab was pressed
  var newCaretPosition;
  newCaretPosition = textarea.getCaretPosition() + " ".length;
  textarea.value = textarea.value.substring(0, textarea.getCaretPosition()) + " " + textarea.value.substring(textarea.getCaretPosition(), textarea.value.length);
  textarea.setCaretPosition(newCaretPosition);
  return false;
 }
 if(event.keyCode == 8){
 //backspace
  if (textarea.value.substring(textarea.getCaretPosition() - 4, textarea.getCaretPosition()) == " ") {
  //it's a tab space
   var newCaretPosition;
   newCaretPosition = textarea.getCaretPosition() - 3;
   textarea.value = textarea.value.substring(0, textarea.getCaretPosition() - 3) + textarea.value.substring(textarea.getCaretPosition(), textarea.value.length);
   textarea.setCaretPosition(newCaretPosition);
  }
 }
 if(event.keyCode == 37){ //left arrow
  var newCaretPosition;
  if (textarea.value.substring(textarea.getCaretPosition() - 4, textarea.getCaretPosition()) == " ") {
  //it's a tab space
   newCaretPosition = textarea.getCaretPosition() - 3;
   textarea.setCaretPosition(newCaretPosition);
  } 
 }
 if(event.keyCode == 39){
 //right arrow
  var newCaretPosition;
  if (textarea.value.substring(textarea.getCaretPosition() + 4, textarea.getCaretPosition()) == " ") {
  //it's a tab space
   newCaretPosition = textarea.getCaretPosition() + 3;
   textarea.setCaretPosition(newCaretPosition);
  }
 } 
}
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